Overview of packaging market and legislation in th

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North American countries refer to the United States, Canada and Mexico, that is, the signatories of the North American Free Trade Agreement, which is generally called the North American Free Trade Area

according to the statistics in 2003, the total population of North America is 424million, and the total economic output value is $12.3 trillion, equivalent to $29050 per capita output value

packaging has always played an important role in North American countries and is becoming more and more important. The total value of the world packaging market is about US $600billion, with North America accounting for about 22% of the market

in terms of relevant packaging laws and regulations, restrictive trade measures, standards, conformity assessment procedures, labeling and marking systems, it not only has its own characteristics, but also embodies the principle of mutual coordination

I. packaging market

1. Overview

the packaging product market in North America reached US $131.9 billion in 2003, an increase of 2.6% over 2002. Since 1999, the average annual growth rate of the packaging market in North America has been 1.3%

of the $131.9 billion, more than 50% is used to provide 424million consumers in North America with processed food and beverage packaging, including packaging, protection, distribution and sales

the sales volume of American packaging market in 2003 was $113.6 billion, an increase of 1.9% over 2002. The average annual growth rate of the packaging market since 1999 is 1.0%. In the US $113.6 billion packaging market, general packaging accounts for 60% and shipping containers and materials account for nearly 30% of the total value. Covers, strapping tapes, twine, tape, trademarks, adhesives, liners, pallets, etc. constitute the rest of the share. Packaging is the most important consumer of the basic raw materials that make up the $113.6 billion market. It uses nearly 50% of the world's paper and paperboard; More than 40% of glass; Nearly 30% plastic resin; About 20% aluminum, about 6% steel and 3% wood. Packaging also consumes nearly 1/3 of the global total value of inks, about 1/3 of pressure-sensitive tapes and about 1/4 of adhesives. From 1999 to 2003, the import of packaging in the United States increased, and the mechanical properties of PDLLA decreased by nearly 70% in 1 to 2 months, and the export increased by 0.4%. So far, paper and paperboard packaging has accounted for the largest share of the market, reaching US $43.6 billion (39%). Plastic packaging accounted for 33% of the total (US $37.7 billion), ahead of metal packaging (19%) and glass packaging (4%)

the Canadian packaging market was estimated at $19billion in 2003, with an average annual growth rate of 3.5% since 1999, and consumption growth of 3% in 2002. The import and export of domestic products were basically flat, with an average annual export growth of 7.6%, about 3.3 billion Canadian dollars

the Mexican packaging market reached 62.4 billion pesos (US $5.3 billion) in 2003, with an annual average growth rate of 5.3%, and the annual average growth rate of domestic product exports was 4%, reaching US $4.42 million. In recent years, the retail situation in Mexico has changed significantly, supermarkets have begun to dominate, and packaging is becoming more and more important in sales. The bar code is added to the packaging to speed up the storage, classification, product distribution and sales of pallet packaging and unit cargo packaging. Mexican dealers are now ready to become familiar with the new technology (RFID). The growth rate of Mexico's packaging market was 1.4% in 2003 and about 1.3% in 2004. Plastic packaging has grown rapidly in recent years. The export industry was strengthened. From 1999 to 2003, it grew at an annual rate of 11%, reaching a total of 6.2 billion pesos. Mexican packaging exports are mainly targeted at U.S. consumer goods producers, mainly including food, beverages, cosmetics and personal care products. Since the late 1990s, Mexico's packaging industry has significantly consolidated. The packaging quality has been improved to international standards, and Mexican packaging products have complied with the global development trend

2. The importance of packaging

in North American countries, packaging has always played its important functions: packaging, protection, distribution, and marketing, and is becoming more and more important. In 2005, for American consumers, the prepared and prepared food and beverages will reach US $800billion, and one batch of key strategic materials such as special alloys and high-performance fibers for high-end equipment will be conquered. The latest report made by the international food processing and Distribution Association predicts that from 1995 to 2005, the growth rate of processed food in food and beverages may reach 100%, that is, an increase of $400billion

supermarkets in North America are experiencing this fact by selling a variety of processed foods of different quality. The importance of packaging is to protect food properly and guide consumers to use appropriate additives to modify the surface of polymer wood flour. Good cooking or processing is necessary. In addition, there should be a clear description of food components, storage requirements and shelf life (consumption date code) on the package. The vast majority of consumers hope that the date code on the package can make a clearer description of the use and safety of the product. For example, some packages are marked as "best to eat at... Time", while others are written as "buy at... Time". How to balance price and quality, win the attention of consumers and safeguard the interests of consumers, whether for packers, supermarkets, shopping clubs, restaurants or fast food restaurants, are common problems that need to be solved, and packaging plays an important role in communicating and delivering consumer needs

3. paper packaging

1) paper and pulp

the world's output of pulp reached 185 million tons in 2003, an increase of 1.6% over 2002. North America is the largest pulp production region in the world. In 2003, the pulp output of North America was 78.56 million tons and 79.23 million tons, accounting for 42.4% of the total world output. Among them, American pulp production accounts for 33% of the world total

from the perspective of pulp category, chemical pulp accounts for about 2/3. In 2002, the world output of chemical pulp was 122 million tons, accounting for 67.3% of the total output. Among them, 62.4 million tons are in North America, accounting for 51% of the world's total chemical pulp. Mechanical pulp is 35.3 million tons, accounting for 19.4% of all pulp in the world. Among them, 15.8 million tons are in North America, accounting for 45% of the world's total mechanical pulp. The total of other pulps is 18million tons, accounting for 3.3% of the 1q/01jsj048 (2) 007 horizontal tensile testing machine standard of all pulps in the world

in 2003, there were 7 countries with pulp output of more than 10million tons in the world, including 52.3 million tons in the United States and 26.2 million tons in Canada. Pulp consumption increased from 178 million tons in 2001 and 182 million tons in 2002 to 184 million tons in 2003, an increase of 1.2% over the previous year. The consumption of pulp in North America is also the largest. In 2003, the consumption of pulp in North America was 68.3 million tons, accounting for 7% of the world's total consumption. There were only four countries with pulp consumption of more than 10million tons in the world in 2003, namely, the United States 52.5 million tons and Canada 15.8 million tons

the import and export volume of pulp increased in 2003 compared with the previous year. In 2003, the import volume of pulp from all countries in the world was 39.3 million, an increase of 2.9% over the previous year. Among them, 5.4 million tons are in North America. The import volume of pulp from the United States was 5.2 million tons in 2003, a decrease of 1.7% over the previous year. The world pulp export volume was 40million tons in 2003, an increase of 4.8% over the previous year. Among them, 15.65 million tons are in North America. The country with the largest export volume is Canada, with 10.65 million tons. Followed by 5million tons in the United States

in 2002, there were 4961 global pulp production enterprises with a production capacity of 215.6 million tons. Among them, 232 in North America have a capacity of 91.26 million tons. The scale of pulp production plants in North America and Europe (especially northern Europe) is ahead of other regions. For example, there are 182 pulp factories in the United States, with a total production capacity of 63 million tons. The average production capacity of each factory is 350000 tons, and the average production capacity of Canadian factories is as high as 565000 tons. It is expected that by 2013, the demand for pulp and board in North America will increase by 17% over the current level

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