Overview of independent innovation in the hottest

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Overview of independent innovation in the printing machinery industry (II)

III. current situation of R & D institutions in China

recently, Heidelberg company in Germany has basically not invested in setting up factories outside Germany, except for announcing the establishment of a factory in Shanghai, China. The whole production, sales and service process from product R & D, production to sales is all in China. It has not only a 1 square kilometer production base, but also a strong scientific research and development institution, There is even a printing College for talent training. In contrast, there is still a considerable gap in the innovation ability, scale and competitiveness of China's entire printing machinery industry

1. Beijing Institute of printing was originally under the administration of the General Administration of publishing. Although the Department of printing machinery manufacturing was established, the main goal of training talents is to provide talents for printing enterprises. In 2004, the school was under the management of Beijing Municipality. The direction of running the school should be adjusted. While retaining talents for the printing industry, the training of printing machinery professionals should be increased, especially the training of digital equipment talents, and a printing machinery laboratory should be established to support the dominant position of Beijing's printing machinery manufacturing industry. The college now has 37 patents in printing

2. Xi'an University of technology printing and packaging College of Xi'an University of technology is a key university in the printing machinery industry to train printing machine design talents. The talents cultivated by the college have become the backbone of the printing machine industry, covering all fields of printing machine manufacturing enterprises, and play an important role in the printing machine management, product research and development, and sales. Foreign and domestic key enterprises have set up scholarships in the school to fund the training of high-end talents, which has made important contributions to the industry

3. At present, the R & D institutions owned by China's printing machinery manufacturing industry have changed greatly. The former Beijing Printing Machinery Research Institute has been transferred to beiren group company after reform, and has lost its medium and long-term development and research functions in scientific research and development. Now its main functions are reflected in the formulation, revision and management of industry standardization, the supervision and inspection of industry product quality Information exchange and development of some market products. At present, the main publications are printing today and printing industry, which are published publicly, and printing machinery standardization and printing machinery dynamics, which are published internally. There are 10 patents

4. Beiren Group Corporation Enterprise Technology Center

the printing machinery industry has two state-level enterprise technology centers authorized by the state, one is beiren Group Corporation Enterprise Technology Center, the other is Shanghai Electric Group Printing and Packaging Machinery Co., Ltd. enterprise technology center, and the development institutions of other enterprises are mainly aimed at the current market product development. The enterprise technology center of beiren group has a printing press Research Institute and a technology center office, which are responsible for the management of scientific research and development projects and scientific research funds. The center has the top professional and technical talents in the industry, good scientific research facilities, strong product development ability, and 49 patents, including 4 invention patents. The shortcomings are that the independent innovation mechanism should be further strengthened, the enterprise technology center should strengthen management, and further build the printing machine core technology research and development institutions

5. Scope of application of Shanghai Electric Group Printing and Packaging Machinery Co., Ltd.: scientific research institutes, commodity inspection and arbitration institutions, colleges and universities, and rubber, tires, plastics, metals, wires and cables, shoemaking, leather, textile, packaging, building materials, petrochemical, aviation The enterprise technology center of Shanghai Electric Group Printing and Packaging Machinery Co., Ltd. is one of the enterprise technology centers in the printing machinery industry authorized by the state. The headquarters of the company has set up a printing machinery technology center, which is responsible for the management of the scientific research and development institutions of its affiliated enterprises, as well as the initiation, formulation and acceptance of R & D projects. There are more than 80 patents, including one invention patent

6. PKU Founder Electronics Co., Ltd.

the research unit of digital workflow is mainly PKU Founder Electronics Co., Ltd. its main products are to provide Chinese character system for various digital printing equipment, publishing software and management software for printing enterprises, and software support for enterprises developing digital direct plate making equipment. With the support of the state, this company should provide a wider range of technical services for the printing machinery industry and further strengthen the R & D capacity of printing machinery. The enterprise now has 59 patents

IV. problems in patent work

1 Intellectual property disputes

due to the rapid growth of the printing industry, printing machinery manufacturing enterprises have expanded rapidly, high-end enterprises have adopted imitation of foreign products to seek enterprise development, and some private and individual enterprises have adopted imitation of domestic best-selling products to survive. Therefore, intellectual property disputes are also in an increasing trend in recent years

a printing machinery enterprise group in China once had a case in which internal and external employees colluded to copy product drawings and outflow them to another enterprise to become a pillar industry group, causing a very bad impact. Due to the failure to apply for patent protection, the amount of compensation has been reduced again and again after many trials. Finally, there are great differences in the identification of infringement. Although the case has been closed eight years after the appeal, it is still difficult to implement so far. When leaving the enterprise, the employees of another enterprise group took the product drawings and materials and transferred them to a new factory, forming a competitive situation in the same region, which brought immeasurable losses to the enterprise. There was also no patent protection, so the enterprise had to settle down

at the printing machinery exhibition, two enterprises with the same small lithographic press participated at the same time, but the brands were different. Because there was no patent protection, the infringed enterprises could only ask the exhibition to coordinate and solve

2. Insufficient innovation ability of printing machinery enterprises

the insufficient innovation ability of domestic printing machinery enterprises is reflected in patent authorization. Patents are divided into invention patents, utility model patents and design patents. However, the authorized patents of domestic printing machinery enterprises are basically utility model patents, accounting for only 3.29%, while the invention patents authorized by foreign countries in China account for more than 90%, and the gap is clear at a glance

Beijing is the center of science, technology and education in China, with the advantage of gathering high-tech talents. The IT industry in Zhongguancun, the aerospace industry in donghighland, the automobile manufacturing industry in Shunyi, and the steel industry relocated to Caofeidian are important pillar industries supporting Beijing's manufacturing industry. At the same time, Beijing is also one of the most developed regions in the domestic printing machinery manufacturing industry, and has obvious advantages in the country. However, the number of authorized patented technologies only ranks third, that is, after Shanghai and Guangzhou

3. Strengthen the independent innovation mechanism of enterprises

the independent innovation mechanism of some domestic enterprises has not been formed, and the main technology source of enterprise scientific and technological development is to learn from foreign advanced technology. Some enterprises have introduced technology to play a role, while others have introduced relatively backward technology and paid tuition fees for nothing. The quality of the authorized patents is poor, and there is basically no patented technology of complete machine, initiative or independent brand created on the basis of introduction

4. Patent declaration and reward systems need to be implemented

many enterprises have not established patent declaration and reward systems, including economic reasons and understanding of the patent system. Under the conditions of socialist market economy, in the final analysis, it is the competition of talents and technology. Only to meet the current prosperity of market sales, there is no exhibition hall area, which is always not enough to use the long-term technical reserves. Once the products enter the decline period, the survival and development of enterprises will be in crisis. Encouraging the continuous innovation of engineering and technical personnel, especially the technological innovation with independent intellectual property rights, is the key to making enterprises invincible and the only way to create an innovative country. Therefore, enterprises must establish a patent application and reward system to stimulate the majority of scientific and technological personnel and enterprise employees to continue independent innovation in different positions in order to enable enterprises to maintain continuous technological progress

v. countermeasures to promote the construction of independent intellectual property rights

under the guidance of a series of important policies such as the scientific concept of development and independent innovation put forward at the 16th CPC National Congress, the growth mode of the national economy has changed from resource consumption to resource conservation, and the growth of GDP has changed from national investment to consumption and export. The fourth session of the Tenth National People's Congress held in 2006 took the creation of independent intellectual property rights and institutional innovation as an important policy to achieve the development goals of the eleventh five year plan

as an important aspect of independent innovation mechanism, patent work should attract the attention of enterprises. The state is responsible for the establishment of innovation mechanism and creating a loose innovation environment. From the perspective of protecting independent intellectual property rights and stimulating the innovation spirit of scientific and technological personnel, enterprises should strive to create a mechanism and atmosphere for innovation within enterprises, so as to make enterprises prosperous

in view of the development advantages of Beijing's information industry, establishing an independent intellectual property development fund and making use of the advantages of the printing machinery industry in the national printing machinery manufacturing industry to create a number of high-quality printing machinery invention patent projects are one of the important means to promote the development of Beijing's printing machinery manufacturing industry. Key invention patent projects include digitization, automation, high efficiency, energy conservation, environmental protection and other aspects of printing machinery and equipment

1. In the past decade, the digital equipment developed abroad has been industrialized, and a number of digital direct plate making machines, digital proofing machines and digital printing machines have become the main imported equipment, and began to show a rapid growth trend. Foreign enterprises take the means of technical blockade on these high-tech equipment, and are neither willing to transfer technology to China, nor willing to establish joint ventures, and take various marketing means to occupy China's market in large quantities

one of the development directions of the traditional lithographic printing machine is to set up a digital interface, so that the pre press plate making image, text, typesetting and other information can be transmitted to the digital processing system of the printing machine through the interface, and through the drive system, the ink supply, water supply, paper prefabrication, unit registration and other systems of the printing machine can be automatically adjusted to share the plate making information with the pre press, so as to greatly improve the automation level of the printing process and reduce the auxiliary operation time, Improve print quality

take advantage of the scientific and technological advantages of Beijing scientific research institutes and colleges and universities, establish a joint laboratory between scientific research institutes and printing machinery manufacturing enterprises, carry out hardware and software design, and finally form a hardware and software system for the whole workflow from prepress plate making to printing, which is put into production in the enterprise. The laboratory will also organize technical forces to study and translate international digital process technical standards, which are equivalent to the digital process standards prepared by the German Institute of printing technology, and establish a standardization platform

relevant institutions and enterprises in Beijing jointly invested start-up funds, and included the project in the performance evaluation of enterprise leaders by the national development and Reform Commission, changing the management system that only evaluates economic indicators

2. The disciplines involved in organizing the joint research organization

printing machine automation include: independent drive technology, photoelectric detection technology, remote control technology, fault display technology, print diversion technology, automatic version loading technology, automatic cleaning technology, ink remote control technology, automatic turnover technology, etc. Printing machine from

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